I. CALEA History and Purpose
The Commission on Accreditation for Law Enforcement Agencies (CALEA) was initially created in 1979 to develop a set of management and operational standards designed to promote increased professionalism within the law enforcement community. This effort was led and supported by the International Association of Chiefs' of Police (IACP), the National Organization of Black Law Enforcement Executives, the Police Executive Research Forum, and the National Sheriffs' Association.
II. Benefits of Accreditation
Specific and general benefits that may be derived from the accreditation process are:
- Departmental Status in Law Enforcement Community
As one of the leading municipal police agencies in St. Louis County, it is incumbent upon the department to maintain its historical status in the region by adhering to the highest possible standards. This is particularly apt when other first tier municipal police agencies have elected to follow our lead.
- Legal Liability
The adoption and maintenance of stringent operational standards, such as "Use of Force, Pursuits, Racial Profiling, Grievance Procedures, etc.", coupled with currently established analysis reports, audits and inspections, greatly lessen the department's exposure to public criticism and potential civil liability.
- Improved Public Service and Image
By establishing a variety of community service programs, a comprehensive code of conduct, and a standardized, well documented citizen complaint process, the department not only illustrates its desire to be responsive to public needs and concerns, but also to identify potential personnel problems and training issues.
- Supervisory Accountability
The various CALEA mandated inspections, reports, and reviews serve to ensure that commanders and supervisors are held accountable for those activities for which they are responsible, and that they have a duty not only to the organization but to their personnel as well.
- Consistency in Department Operations
Well-defined policies and procedures, coupled with supervisory accountability, are designed to ensure that the application of enforcement, disciplinary, and regulatory power are effective, while being fair and equitable to both the general public and department staff.
- Improved Management
The time-sensitive inspections, reports, audits, and analysis required by CALEA provide management with a useful tool to review facilities, equipment, personnel, training, and operational procedures. This allows for an evaluation of the department's current state of readiness, the identification and correction of deficiencies, and as a foundation for budget planning.
III. Department Accreditation Program
Dedicated to the concept of excellence in public service, the Clayton Police Department initially committed itself to accreditation in 1998. Following an extensive self-assessment process and on-site examination by a team of CALEA assessors, the department was accorded its initial accreditation on July 29, 2000. Since that time, department personnel have maintained full compliance with CALEA standards and successfully undergone re-accreditation reviews. Our last reaccreditation, which is our 7th, marks a highlight for the Clayton Police Department, as we achieved Meritorious Accreditation under a Gold Standard Assessment process.
IV. 2019 Annual Report Synopsis
ANNUAL USE OF FORCE REVIEW: In 2019 there were 6 reported Use of Force incidents, three more than reported in 2018. Three of the incidents involved the use of Hands on Force. Two of the incidents involved the Taser. One involved O.C. spray. All of the incidents involved Field Operations Bureau personnel (none involving Criminal Investigations Division). In reviewing each incident, the Use of Force Committee judged the actions of the participating officers to be in compliance with department policy and appropriate under the circumstances in all the incidents. The low number of incidents is the result of our ongoing training in defensive tactics and that our officers have all received 40 hours of Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) training, which emphasizes calming techniques.
ANNUAL TRAFFIC ACCIDENT REVIEW: In 2019, there were 629 auto accidents reported, involving 1,232 vehicles. There were 162 people injured in 120 injury accidents. One accident involved a fatality. There were 9 accidents involving pedestrians and 139 accidents involving at least one party leaving the scene without providing information to the other party and/or police. The top five reasons for accidents were failure to yield, following too closely, improper lane changes, inattention and driving too fast for conditions. The overwhelming number of accidents occurred on dry roadways (79.3%) & the highest number of accidents involved people ages 21-25 (13.35%) and 26-30 (12.09%). Also of note, five roadways accounted for 48.3% (304) of all accidents (629). They are as follows: I-170 (108 accidents), Hanley (69 accidents), Forsyth Blvd. (45 accidents), Clayton Road (41 accidents) and Big Bend Blvd. (41 accidents). The Clayton Police Department continues to utilize Hazardous Moving Violation Grant funds to address driving tendencies known to cause accidents and we regularly assign details to minimize accidents in congested areas. Additionally, we coordinate with our Public Works Department, St. Louis County and MoDOT to assist in crash reduction efforts such as enhanced sign visibility.
ANNUAL TRAINING NEEDS ASSESSMENT: Our police officers receive a variety of training opportunities throughout the year. These include in-house offerings by our own certified trainers & external training from the St. Louis County and Municipal Academy & other vendors. Training is received in each of the following areas, with the 2019 total listed. Legal Studies-253 hours; Interpersonal Communications-512 hours; Skill Development-505 hours; Technical Studies-841 hours; Racial Profiling-118 hours. In addition, officers received 144 hours that were unclassified, for a total of 2,720 hours.
ANNUAL VEHICLE/FOOT PURSUIT REVIEW: In 2019 officers were involved in 2 foot pursuits, which is the same as reported in 2018. Both foot pursuits involved officers assigned to the Patrol Bureau. Review found both foot pursuits to be compliance with department policies. There were no vehicle pursuits in 2019. All commissioned officers are required to review & acknowledge the Pursuit General Order quarterly as part of our review of the various high risk/low frequency policies in place.