I. CALEA History and Purpose
The Commission on Accreditation for Law Enforcement Agencies (CALEA) was initially created in 1979 to develop a set of management and operational standards designed to promote increased professionalism within the law enforcement community. This effort was led and supported by the International Association of Chiefs' of Police (IACP), the National Organization of Black Law Enforcement Executives, the Police Executive Research Forum, and the National Sheriffs' Association.
II. Benefits of Accreditation
Specific and general benefits that may be derived from the accreditation process are:
- Departmental Status in Law Enforcement Community
As one of the leading municipal police agencies in St. Louis County, it is incumbent upon the department to maintain its historical status in the region by adhering to the highest possible standards. This is particularly apt when other first tier municipal police agencies have elected to follow our lead.
- Legal Liability
The adoption and maintenance of stringent operational standards, such as "Use of Force, Pursuits, Racial Profiling, Grievance Procedures, etc.", coupled with currently established analysis reports, audits and inspections, greatly lessen the department's exposure to public criticism and potential civil liability.
- Improved Public Service and Image
By establishing a variety of community service programs, a comprehensive code of conduct, and a standardized, well documented citizen complaint process, the department not only illustrates its desire to be responsive to public needs and concerns, but also to identify potential personnel problems and training issues.
- Supervisory Accountability
The various CALEA mandated inspections, reports, and reviews serve to ensure that commanders and supervisors are held accountable for those activities for which they are responsible, and that they have a duty not only to the organization but to their personnel as well.
- Consistency in Department Operations
Well-defined policies and procedures, coupled with supervisory accountability, are designed to ensure that the application of enforcement, disciplinary, and regulatory power are effective, while being fair and equitable to both the general public and department staff.
- Improved Management
The time-sensitive inspections, reports, audits, and analysis required by CALEA provide management with a useful tool to review facilities, equipment, personnel, training, and operational procedures. This allows for an evaluation of the department's current state of readiness, the identification and correction of deficiencies, and as a foundation for budget planning.
III. Department Accreditation Program
Dedicated to the concept of excellence in public service, the Clayton Police Department initially committed itself to accreditation in 1998. Following an extensive self-assessment process and on-site examination by a team of CALEA assessors, the department was accorded its initial accreditation on July 29, 2000. Since that time, department personnel have maintained full compliance with CALEA standards and successfully undergone re-accreditation reviews. Our last reaccreditation, which is our 7th, marks a highlight for the Clayton Police Department, as we achieved Meritorious Accreditation under a Gold Standard Assessment process.
IV. 2018 Annual Report Synopsis
ANNUAL USE OF FORCE REVIEW: In 2018, there were three reported uses of force, two less than in 2017. All three incidents involved hands-on force. The Use of Force Committee, comprised of the two Bureau Commanders and Chief, reviewed each incident for compliance with internal policy and determined the actions of all participating officers to be within department policy. The low number of incidents is the result of our ongoing training in defensive tactics and that our officers have all received 40 hours of Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) training, which emphasizes calming techniques.
ANNUAL TRAFFIC ACCIDENT REVIEW: In 2018, there were 649 auto accidents reported, involving 1272 vehicles. There were 181 people injured in 131 injury accidents. One accident involved a fatality. There were six accidents involving pedestrians and there were 156 accidents that involved at least one party leaving the scene without providing information to the other party and/or police. The top five reasons for accidents are following too closely; failure to yield; improper lane use; improper backing; and inattention. The overwhelming number of accidents occur on dry roadways (82.2 %) and the highest number of accidents involve people ages 21-25 (13.17%) and 26-30 (12.51%). Also of note, five roadways accounted for nearly 45% (293) of all accidents (649) as follows. I-170 (114 accidents), Hanley (64 accidents), Clayton Road (51 accidents), Forsyth (32 accidents), and Maryland (32 accidents). The Clayton Police Department has received Hazardous Moving Violation Grant money to address driving tendencies that cause accidents and we assign details to minimize accidents in congested areas. We also coordinate with our Public Works Department, St Louis County and MoDOT to enhance sign visibility, etc., to assist in crash reduction efforts.
ANNUAL TRAINING NEEDS ASSESSMENT: Our police officers receive a variety of training opportunities throughout the year. These include in-house offerings by our own certified trainers and external training from the St. Louis County and Municipal Academy and other vendors. Training is received in each of the following areas, with the 2018 total listed. Legal Studies-326 hours; Interpersonal Communications-672 hours; Skill Development-1343 hours; Technical Studies-827 hours; Racial Profiling-70 hours. In addition, officers received 116 hours that were unclassified, for a total of 3354 hours.
ANNUAL VEHICLE/FOOT PURSUIT REVIEW: In 2018, there were no vehicle pursuits, while there were no pursuits in 2017. In 2018, there were two foot pursuits, all found to be within policy. In 2017 there were four foot pursuits, also within policy. Officers review and acknowledge the Pursuit General Order four times each year, as part of our review of the various high risk/low frequency policies in place.